There are over 11,000 species of grasshoppers. I have seen yellow ones, brown ones, green ones, and even reddish ones (I always thought these were diseased because of their color). Most adults are about two inches long, though some can get up to five inches in length. They are found all over the world. Some cultures eat them as a source of protein. As an adult, the grasshopper walks, hops, and flies.
As with any insect, they have a head, thorax, and abdomen. They have six legs, two wings, two rather short antennae. These antennae are used to take stock of their surroundings. While they do not have ears, they have a special organ located on their abdomen called a tympanal organ.
Grasshoppers sometimes spit brown liquid to deter enemies. I have never heard of this brown “spit” being poisonous to anyone.
When you hear of the locust invasions, they are usually grasshoppers. My father, who was raised in western Kansas in the early 1900s, spoke of how an invasion would leave everything bare. He related that they even ate the fence posts, which were made from the trunks of saplings.
There are three stages of grasshopper development: the egg, nymph, and adult. They live about a year. Most of that time is spent as an egg, which can take up to about nine months before hatching.
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